list of churches in china

For example, according to the Holy See, Hunan proince exists of one archdiocese, three dioceses and four apostolic prefectures. The government also has begun to used artificial intelligence, big data and a 'social credit system' to persecute the church in China. Found in Prayer News. The Ecclesiastical Province of Guiyang roughly covers the territory of Guizhou. However, Puyang and Xinxiang's Changyuan County belong to the diocese of Daming (Ecclesiastical Province of Beijing), whereas Handan's Linzhang County, She County and Wu'an (all located in Hebei) belong to the diocese of Weihui. Jan 26, 2021 by Jill. The ranking this year, nonetheless, represented a six-spot rise for China between 2020, when it ranked 23, and 2021. The turn of the century brought relative freedoms for Chinese believers, but recent years has seen a squeeze on Christian expression. In 2015, more than 500 Christians were arrested because of operating a house church. Also, apart from the archdiocese and the two diocese, there is also one exempt jurisdiction, the Apostolic Prefecture of Tunxi. In Yunnan province, one exempt jurisdiction is also located: the Apostolic Prefecture of Zhaotong. Christianity in China - Current statistics, issues, including persecution, and status of Christianity in China. China to Tighten Control of Churches, Including Database of State-Approved Church Leaders By Staff Writer February 22, 2021 February 22, 2021 The Chinese Communist Party is set to introduce tighter regulations and more state control of Christian ministry in China, including a database of authorised church leaders with strict requirements. The province of Suiyuan is described as the province of Mongolia, and the province of Shenyang as the province of Manchuria. Hong Kong, Current Latin province and dioceses in Taiwan, Current exempt jurisdictions, immediately subject to the Holy See, Dioceses according to the Chinese Patriotic Catholic Association, Russian Catholic Apostolic Exarchate of Harbin, List of Catholic dioceses (structured view), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_Catholic_dioceses_in_China&oldid=976874168, Lists of Roman Catholic dioceses by country, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 9 (including Hong Kong and Macau; 8 if excluding Beihai), 4 (also 4 if including Chifeng and excluding Xiwanzi), 21 ecclesiastical provinces (including one for Taiwan), consisting of 21 Metropolitan archdioceses and 100 suffragan dioceses. It was the first of the eight churches set up by the United Methodist Church. In total the CPCA has 104 dioceses, whereas according to the Holy See, Mainland China has 143 jurisdictions. 3 jurisdictions in Liaoning Hong Kong is multicultural with a large expat community. Note that Xinjiang is covered by the Apostolic Prefecture of Xinjiang-Urumqi and Qinghai by the Apostolic Prefecture of Xining. Most former jurisdictions have current successor sees (although many are vacant). 2 jurisdictions in Inner Mongolia 2 jurisdictions in Fujian As one of the 10 famous churches in Beijing, it was a Christian one built up in 1904 and located at the busy intersection of Zhushikou Xidajie and Qianmen Dajie. Also note that a small part of the diocese of Xiamen, the island of Kinmen, is administered by the Republic of China. At this moment, this part of the diocese is administered by the archdiocese of Taipei. Congregation-based churches can organise large groups across the … Furthermore, Puyang and Xinxiang's Changyuan County (Henan province) belong to the diocese of Daming (Ecclesiastical Province of Beijing), whereas Handan's Linzhang County, She County and Wu'an (all located in Hebei) belong to the diocese of Weihui (Ecclesiastical Province of Kaifeng). In all of greater China, only one non-Latin jurisdiction exists: an apostolic exarchate of the Russian Greek Catholic Church in Harbin. However, names of dioceses may have been changed, dioceses may have been elevated, and the boundaries of dioceses may have changed. However, the Apostolic Prefecture of Xinjiang (also referred to as Yuncheng or Jiangzhou) has not yet been elevated to the rank of diocese, and as such is not yet part of the Ecclesiastical Province of Taiyuan, but is still exempt. 1 jurisdiction in Guangdong China ranked 17 among the world’s persecutors of Christians, lower than several nominal democracies such as India and Nigeria due largely to a lack of civil-society-driven mob attacks on Christian communities. Hankou has been merged with Wuchang and Hanyang to form Wuhan in 1927. It has, however, been vacant since 1939. Heilongjiang is also exempt, being administered by three apostolic prefectures, with the exception of some parts of Mudanjiang, which belong to the Roman Catholic Diocese of Yanji, which is located in Jilin province (Ecclesiastical Province of Shenyang). 2 jurisdictions in Shandong. 1 jurisdiction in Inner Mongolia Also, note that the diocese of Beihai, which is located in Guangxi, is part of the Ecclesiastical Province of Guangdong. In Hunan province, five exempt jurisdictions are also located: the Apostolic Prefecture of Baoqing, the Apostolic Prefecture of Lixian, the Apostolic Prefecture of Xiangtan, the Apostolic Prefecture of Yongzhou and the Apostolic Prefecture of Yueyang. People looking for English speaking churches in Hong Kong will find dozens to choose from. 2 jurisdictions in Jilin Why does China feel so threatened by Christians? Furthermore, the diocese of Yanji (in Jilin) also covers a very small part of Heilongjiang. The Ecclesiastical Province of Chongqing roughly corresponds to Sichuan and Chongqing (Chongqing was separated from Sichuan in 1997) and also covers Tibet, though the diocese serving Tibet, the diocese of Kangding, is located in Sichuan. The Ecclesiastical Province of Hankou roughly corresponds with Hubei. New government data indicate the number of Christians in China to be significantly higher than it previously reported. Recently, it was reported that Chinese officials ordered dozens of churches to replace crosses with the five-pointed star, the symbol featured on the country’s flag to represent the CCP and its role in the nation. Due to the non-recognition of the People's Republic of China, however, the authority of the Taipei-based Chinese Regional Bishops' Conference is effectively limited to the islands of Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen and Matsu. If you would like to add a link to your web site here, please send us your website's information. Furthermore, many dioceses have been renamed or have had their seat relocated to a nearby city; most of the dioceses boundaries have also been redrawn to correspond with current PRC administrative divisions. The structure of dioceses of the CPCA is not the same one as the one of the Holy See. The emergency that dominated the globe during the past year — the novel coronavirus — also dominated the countries of the World Watch List published by Open Doors International today (Jan 13) and the lives of the estimated 340 million Christians who, it says, live under pressure within them. These eight jurisdictions have all been merged by the CPCA to form a single diocese of Hunan. In the Apostolic Constitution of 11 April 1946, all provinces are named by the name of the civil province as well as by the name of the archdiocese. Nearby Macau and Hainan are both exempt: the diocese of Macau and the Apostolic Prefecture of Hainan. 06th Feb 2019. 3 jurisdictions in Anhui Some churches in Yongjia County, Wenzhou, have also been ordered to stop Sunday school programs offered to minors. The church in China continues to see extraordinary growth, however life for Christians is anything but straightforward, and recent years has seen an increase in persecution. 2 jurisdictions in Jiangsu Forty-four other jurisdictions have been merged with other dioceses. 3 jurisdictions in Guangxi 6 jurisdictions in Hebei Secondly, the dioceses are structured according to the administrative divisions of the PRC. It is exceptionally difficult to estimate the numbers of Christians in the world’s two most populous countries, China and India. Apart from the dioceses, two exempt jurisdictions exist, the Apostolic Prefecture of Shashi and the Apostolic Prefecture of Suixian. 4 jurisdictions in Jiangxi This includes 26 out of 93 dioceses and 18 out of 29 apostolic prefectures. Apart from these 5, the CPCA has also established a new diocese in Hebei, the Diocese of Chengde, but this diocese was recognized by the Holy See in 2018. Both China and India are among the countries with the most total Christians, as these minority populations number in the tens of millions. The Ecclesiastical Province of Fuzhou roughly covers the territory of Fujian province. The Catholic Church recognizes the Republic of China as the sole government for all of China; nevertheless, it does not recognize all of its territorial claims. Share . Here is a complete list and the pictures of the demolitions. However, these two names are not used anymore. The Ecclesiastical Province of Guangzhou roughly covers Guangdong and Hong Kong. Furthermore, the Apostolic Prefecture of Xinxiang has not yet been elevated to the rank of diocese, and as such is not yet part of the Ecclesiastical Province of Kaifeng, but is still exempt. However, the Diocese of Chifeng belongs to the Ecclesiastical Province of Shenyang, but is located in Inner Mongolia. Apart from the dioceses, Shaanxi province also has two apostolic prefectures: the Apostolic Prefecture of Tongzhou and the Apostolic Prefecture of Xing’anfu. 7 jurisdictions in Hunan Current Latin provinces and dioceses in PR China incl. Parts of Qinhuangdao and Zhangjiakou do not belong to the Ecclesiastical Province of Beijing. Uninformed Western Christians attend a service at a gleaming new church building in China, don't understand what was preached in Chinese, but return home and declare that the persecution of Christian is a thing of the past in China. In total, 44 Holy See jurisdictions have been abolished and merged. The list includes orders to “intensify patriotic education” and “study China’s religious policies.” Churches are also compelled to promote the so-called “four requirements” campaign that began in 2018 to advance the “sinicization” of religion, in which non-Chinese cultures assimilate to Chinese influence. Furthermore, the Diocese of Xiwanzi belongs to the Ecclesiastical Province of Suiyuan (Inner Mongolia), even though its seat is located in Hebei province. Furthermore, the Apostolic Prefecture of Yixian has not yet been elevated to the rank of diocese, and as such is not yet part of the Ecclesiastical Province of Beijing, but is still exempt. As a general guideline, however, the ecclesiastical provinces largely correspond with the following civil provinces: The ecclesiastical jurisdictions in Hainan, Macao, Qinghai and Xinjiang are all exempt, though Macao is a diocese (the others are apostolic prefectures or apostolic administrations). A Christian in China, where the state has increased surveillance of believers. The year 2018 saw an unprecedented increase of religious persecution in China. The Ecclesiastical Province of Nanchang roughly covers the territory of Jiangxi. For example, many dioceses have been merged, and the difference between archdioceses, dioceses, apostolic prefectures and apostolic administrations has been abolished. However, the Chinese government has its own division of the dioceses, which is not necessarily identical to that of the Holy See. Tweet . Apart from the dioceses, Shandong province also has three apostolic prefectures: the Apostolic Prefecture of Weihai, the Apostolic Prefecture of Yiduxian (Qingzhou) and the Apostolic Prefecture of Linqing. Xie Huanchi/Xinhua via AP. Note that Kinmen belongs to the diocese of Xiamen, but is administered by the archdiocese of Taipei.[1]. Some parts of the North-East are covered by exempt jurisdictions: the Apostolic Administration of Harbin, the Apostolic Prefecture of Jiamusi, the Apostolic Prefecture of Lindong and the Apostolic Prefecture of Qiqihar. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Roman_Catholic_Dioceses_in_China Shandongs Ningjin County also belongs to the diocese of Jingxian. Growth has been evident among urban educated professionals and wealthy entrepreneurs. Chinese woman, phone in hand, 2020 . Suppressed without 'direct' successor (all in continental China) : (some had their title preserved when merged into another). 1. An important exception was Chengde; however, in 2018, the diocese of Chengde was erected, a suffragan of the archdiocese of Beijing, covering the entire prefecture-level city of Chengde. [1] Additionally, the Christian communities in these two countries have seen significant growth throughout the last century. (Photo: Open Doors) Each January, Open Doors released its 2021 World Watch List of the 50 countries where Christians suffer the worst persecution.. Many dioceses have been merged; some provinces are only served by a single diocese. Opening Time: 08:30-17:00 Note that the archdiocese is located in Kaifeng, and not in Zhengzhou, the provincial capital of Henan since 1954. The territory of the Ecclesiastical Province of Beijing is largely equal to that of Hebei province, when including Beijing and Tianjin. Similarly, the Catholic Church in China has grown from 3 million members to over 12 million during the same 50-year period. Except for the diocese of Kangding, which also covers Tibet, all dioceses are restricted to territory within a single province. This results in the following list of dioceses: The CPCA has abolished and merged: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Catholic_churches_in_China All the dioceses are located in Sichuan, except for Chongqing and Wanxian, which are located in Chongqing. https://www.opendoorsusa.org/christian-persecution/world-watch-list/china This page was last edited on 5 September 2020, at 15:44. Also, the Diocese of Chifeng is located in Inner Mongolia, but belongs to the Ecclesiastical Province of Shenyang. Prayers for Christians in China at the start of the Chinese New Year. The Ecclesiastical Province of Anqing roughly covers the territory of Anhui province. The Ecclesiastical Province of Nanjing roughly covers the territory of Jiangsu and Shanghai. However, even after taking this into account, the boundaries do not completely correspond with Shandong province. There is an Apostolic Nunciature as papal diplomatic representation (embassy-level) to China, in Taipei, national capital of Taiwan, also charged with PRC, Hong Kong and Macau. Churches are being monitored and closed down, whether they are independent or part of the Three-Self Patriotic Movement, the officially sanctioned Protestant church in China,” Open Doors said in a statement. In Guangdong and Zhejiang, no dioceses were abolished, but new diocese were established. In Jiangsu province, two exempt jurisdictions are also located: the Apostolic Prefecture of Haizhou and the Apostolic Prefecture of Yangzhou. The Ecclesiastical Province of Changsha roughly covers the territory of Hunan province. 2 jurisdictions in Guizhou In 2016, this figure rose to 600. Share Tweet . The Ecclesiastical Province of Hangzhou roughly covers the territory of Zhejiang. The expats and English speaking Chinese have founded large Protestant and Evangelical churches that have a large influence. https://www.hrw.org/world-report/2019/country-chapters/china-and-tibet In total, 5 new CPCA jurisdictions have been established, all dioceses. Key findings: Revival: Christianity in China has expanded rapidly since 1980, reaching an estimated population of 58 million Protestants and 12 million Catholics as of 2014, split evenly between registered and unregistered churches. Here is the truth about the churches in China. Titular Patriarchal See of All the East was suppressed in 1370 after a single incumbent, the Archbishop of Khanbalik. China’s restrictions on Christmas come amid a broader crackdown on underground churches, Christians and church leaders. Different from the others, this one has had Chinese priests since inception. Churches in Hong Kong The following list of churches in Hong Kong has been listed in alphabetic order, but new sites and updated listings will be positioned at the top for a few months. The Ecclesiastical Province of Nanning roughly covers the territory of Guangxi. The dioceses of Hong Kong (suffragan of Guangzhou) and Macao (exempt) do not belong to that conference. While the communist country ranked 23rd on the list, roughly 100 million Christians have been affected by what Curry called "a blueprint for dictators around the world" that China … In the following provinces, no new dioceses were established and existing dioceses were not abolished: Beijing, Chongqing, Gansu, Hainan, Henan, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanghai, Sichuan, Tianjin, Tibet, Xinjiang, Yunnan and Zhejiang. Note that the diocese of Hong Kong belongs to the Ecclesiastical Province of Guangzhou, whereas the diocese of Macau is exempt. In Guizhou province, one exempt jurisdiction is also located: the Apostolic Prefecture of Shiqian. In Guangxi, one exempt jurisdiction is also located: the Apostolic Prefecture of Guilin. First of all, the distinction between archdioceses, dioceses, apostolic prefectures and apostolic administrations is not maintained: only dioceses exist. The Ecclesiastical Province of Shenyang (Shenyang is the capital of Liaoning) roughly covers Liaoning and Jilin. Thus, according to the Chinese government, Mainland China is divided into 104 jurisdictions, all dioceses. In Fujian province, two exempt jurisdictions are also located: the Apostolic Prefecture of Jian'ou and the Apostolic Prefecture of Shaowu. 2 jurisdictions in Shanxi. This year, China ranked 17th – the first time in a decade that the communist country has re-entered the top 20. The Ecclesiastical Province of Lanzhou roughly covers the territory of Gansu. Historically, both provinces were part of the Apostolic Vicariate (now Archdiocese) of Lanzhou. 3 jurisdictions in Heilongjiang The territory of the Ecclesiastical Province of Kaifeng is almost equal to that of Henan province. According to a Christian rights group, China Aid, tens of thousands of Christians have seriously suffered under the government’s crackdown on underground churches between 2012 and 2016. The CPCA has established: Harbin is also the seat of the Eastern Catholic Russian Catholic Apostolic Exarchate of Harbin, which, however, has been vacant since 1939 and only exists on paper. Now China Says Christians Are Spreading COVID-19 Near Beijing. The Catholic Church in China comprises 152 Latin jurisdictions: Furthermore, the Eastern Catholic (Byzantine rite) Russian Greek Catholic Church has an exempt Apostolic exarchate for China in Harbin. In general, Chinese prefectures have no more than one diocese, but there are exceptions: the prefecture of Baoding is divided in the Diocese of Baoding and the Diocese of Anguo. The Ecclesiastical Province of Kunming roughly covers the territory of Yunnan. China's ruling Communist Party has carried out a widespread clampdown on all religious institutions in recent years. [2] However, even after taking this into account, the boundaries do not completely correspond with Shaanxi province. Originally, the ecclesiastical provinces were closely aligned with the civil provinces of China. from Christian Today: Each January, Open Doors released its 2021 World Watch List of the 50 countries where Christians suffer the worst persecution.. During the Cultural Revolution in the 1960s and 1970s, all religions were repressed. Also, note that the diocese of Beihai is located in Guangxi. The term “China” has to be understood as including Hong Kong, Macao, Taiwan in its 1949 provincial boundaries and Mainland China as effectively controlled by the People's Republic of China. This is a list of Catholic churches in China. The dioceses of Mainland China take part in the Beijing-based Chinese Bishops Conference, which is not recognized by the Holy See. In the course of time, the CPCA has established five new dioceses (the Diocese of Jincheng and the Diocese of Xinzhou in Shanxi, the Diocese of Bayannur and the Diocese of Baotou in Inner Mongolia, and the Diocese of Zhanjiang in Guangdong. Churches in China - Here are some of the most spectacular chures in China. By Mark Tapscott Jan 26, 2021 11:06 AM ET . There are at least 60 million Christians in China, spanning rural and urban areas. This year, China ranked 17th - the first time in a decade that the communist country has re-entered the top 20. In 2020, China was ranked 23rd, meaning that it moved up six spots in a single year. But according to national statistics from the China State Council, Protestant Christians make up only an estimated 3% of China’s population and number around 38 million people, The Economist reports. See: List of cathedrals in China#Roman Catholic, List of cathedrals in China#Roman Catholic, Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception, Beijing, Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception in Nanjing, Immaculate Conception Cathedral of Hangzhou, Church of Our Lady of Mount Carmel, Beijing, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_Catholic_churches_in_China&oldid=825159951, Lists of religious buildings and structures in China, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 February 2018, at 20:52. The territory of the Ecclesiastical Province of Taiyuan is almost equal to that of Shanxi province. Suiyuan is now known as Hohhot; the dioceses roughly cover Inner Mongolia and Ningxia, though the diocese of Xiwanzi is actually located in Hebei. However, the borders of most provinces have not been redrawn again for decades. 4 jurisdictions in Hebei Of all the cathedrals and churches located in Beijing the Xishiku Romanesque Revival church that is one of the four historic Catholic churches in the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Beijing It is located in the Dongcheng District was formerly in the French Legation of Beijing It was built in 1901. The archdiocese is located in Anqing, even though Hefei has been the provincial capital since the 1940s - in fact, no diocese is located in Hefei. Note that Kinmen and the Matsu Islands belong to the diocese of Xiamen, but are administered by the archdiocese of Taipei with its Archbishop serving as an Apostolic Administrator in respect of the islands.[1]. the North Church is a historic Catholic church in the Xicheng District, Beijing China. 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