They’re handicapped, if not psychologically, in their lack of worldly experience, in how systems and social groups really function. J. Edgar - amerykański dramat filmowy w reżyserii Clinta Eastwooda, którego premiera miała miejsce w 2011 roku.Jest biografią J. Edgara Hoovera, dyrektora FBI w latach 1924–1972. Nixon gives a memorial speech on television for Hoover, while several members of his staff enter Hoover's office and search through the cabinets and drawers in search of his rumored "confidential" files, but find nothing. Don’t worry, Mr. Hoover. Additionally, he kept vast files not on the “subversive” but on the powerful.Were Presidents afraid to fire him? Tolson accuses Hoover of making a fool out of him and they end up fighting on the floor. Today, with few exceptions, Hoover’s FBI files are open for any American to see at the National Archives. As FBI director, he repeatedly refused to involve the bureau in investigating anti-black race riots or protecting black civil rights workers in the South, insisting that these were matters for local police, even after the Supreme Court’s 1954 Brown v. Board of Education decision. Two of the Senior Editors of this website are from the South, and knew it well in the old days. That almost half a million Americans were tracked as “subversive,” and this long after the tiny American Communist movement had essentially fizzled, should concern us greatly. for nearly fifty years, looks back on his professional and personal life. That, though, doesn’t necessarily make them invalid. U.S. Starts Delivery of Moderna’s Covid-19 Vaccine by Peter Loftus and Charles Passy Helen Gandy assures him, no one will ever get to them. That evening, Hoover tells Tolson that he cares deeply for him, and Tolson tells Hoover that he loves him. It was chosen by the National Board of Review as one of the top ten films of 2011, while DiCaprio earned a nomination for a Golden Globe Award and both he and Hammer earned Screen Actors Guild Award nods. Impressed with a young Republican congressional hopeful in Michigan, the Bureau in 1946 arranged support for Gerald Ford, who expressed his thanks in his maiden speech by asking for a pay raise for J. Edgar Hoover.”, Curt Gentry, J. Edgar Hoover, p. 412 (trade paper edition). How “secret” were they? You worshiped the Director, or you were gone. So much nonsense out there, he maintains, but I can give you the honest scoop. A lawyer, an effective fighter of subversives, a modernizing force in law enforcement, a friend to Presidents and the rich and famous, a dapper dresser, a shameless self-promoter. He would have done better to admit the full truth, but then explain the positives as well, in context. He was the first Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation of the United States.He was chosen as director of the Bureau of Investigation because he helped start it. And in the field of Hoover-studies, corroboration grows steadily, like a new pine forest–articles and books and studies and quotes, in droves. There is no doubt, from the historical record, that Hoover was instrumental in creating the FBI's scientific reputation. After Tolson leaves, Hoover says that he loves him, too. Which leads into Ackerman’s “Myth Number 5,” that Hoover left a stain on the reputation of the FBI.A “stain” is in the eye of the beholder. " Stockham notes that Hoover probably did not write the FBI–King suicide letter to Martin Luther King, Jr., as the film portrays: "While such a letter was written, Hoover almost certainly delegated it to others within the Bureau. Stranger Than Fiction…A Monk or a Mafia Don? The emerging federal agency that became the FBI was there to help–round up Commies, send anarchists, like the infamous immigrant Emma Goldman, packing back to where they came from.  J. Edgar went on to gross over $84.9 million worldwide and over (The President appoints an Attorney General, who in turn supervises the Director of the FBI. Washington Post, Kenneth Ackerman, November 9, 2011. GAGE: He didn’t ever have the sort of formal situation that you see in the movie where he was dictating a memoir to a series of young agents, and that that is the official record of the FBI. At Central High School in Northwest Washington, he joined the cadet corps and was its captain during his senior year. " Metacritic, which assigns a weighted average rating to reviews, gives the film a normalized score of 59 out of 100, based on 42 critics, indicating "mixed or average reviews". He isn’t coming straight out with the words–“Mr. In 1919, after anarchists fail to assassinate Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer, he puts his protegé J. Edgar Hoover in charge of a new division dedicated to purging radicals. We blame the tin-foil hat guys for the popularity of that phrase, because they often are “conspiracy nuts,” driven for some reason to see conspiracy under every pebble on the beach. Edgar” the movie stating the obvious here or stretching the evidence? In the end, we strongly suspect that a whole lot more than a quarter of Gentry’s stark tales and conclusions about the FBI of that era are true, probably a very strong majority of the assertions. 12 . As psychological or character mystery, it’s a study in itself. J. Edgar. An institution with continent-wide, in some ways world-wide reach suddenly had it’s spine yanked out of it. The FBI even bugged the activities of Eleanor Roosevelt when she was First Lady. Sherlock was only a fictional character, and even he got it. We hope if you spend time with us, you’ll agree we strive for objectivity, as professional mystery analysts. All of those things, Hoover was. Edgar,” starring Leonardo DiCaprio. As per Hoover’s pre-arranged request, she destroyed those files upon his death. He makes an awkward pass at her, then proposes to her. He died abruptly of a heart attack on Richard Nixon’s watch in 1972. ", J. Hoberman of The Village Voice wrote: "Although hardly flawless, Eastwood's biopic is his richest, most ambitious movie since Letters from Iwo Jima and Flags of Our Fathers. FOIA requests in recent years confirm the extent of surveillance of non-criminals. He was the director until his death in 1972 at age 77. FBI culture survived, but evolved in many ways in the next twenty years. God and and Devil are in the details, and in the logical thinking we apply.  Todd McCarthy of The Hollywood Reporter gave the film a positive review, writing, "This surprising collaboration between director Clint Eastwood and Milk screenwriter Dustin Lance Black tackles its trickiest challenges with plausibility and good sense, while serving up a simmeringly caustic view of its controversial subject's behavior, public and private. 07 . Hoover tells Gandy to destroy his secret files after his death in order to prevent President Richard Nixon from possessing them. The files covered a dizzying kaleidoscope — Supreme Court justices such as Louis Brandeis and Felix Frankfurter, movie stars Mary Pickford and Marilyn Monroe, first lady Eleanor Roosevelt, physicist Albert Einstein, Zionist leader Chaim Weizmann and philanthropist John D. Rockefeller III, among others — often replete with unconfirmed gossip about private sex lives and radical ties. " David Denby in The New Yorker magazine also liked the film, calling it a "nuanced account" and calling "Eastwood's touch light and sure, his judgment sound, the moments of pathos held just long enough. History and mystery rely on sources, credibility, corroboration. Hoover early on grew his power in the traditional, effective circular manner:- His growing powers and fame allowed him increasingly wide contacts and political influence, and those allies and information sources allowed him to keep enhancing his power.- On the organization chart, he was two huge notches down from whichever President was in office. Hoover quickly begins compiling a list of suspects. And there’s the question of everyone’s interest, if only their prurient interest, in Hoover’s sex life or lack thereof. Nice autograph from an obscure but significant Washington D.C. personality. A bookkeeper managing to steal money all by herself, no, but with a partner in the embezzlement, conspiracy. However, she notes that the film's central narrative device in which Hoover dictates his memoirs to FBI agents chosen as writers, is fictitious: "He didn't ever have the sort of formal situation that you see in the movie where he was dictating a memoir to a series of young agents, and that that is the official record of the FBI. A grief-stricken Tolson covers his friend's body. Hoover knew which side his bread was buttered on. Look elsewhere. ; Punch Punch Kiss: Far beyond slaps, two full on fist on face smacks before a lip on lip smack. Many if not most criminal prosecutions, and many statutes at state and federal levels (RICO statutes and a host of others), involve conspiracy–simply the coordinated actions of more than one person. Why, two decades after J. Edgar was safely in the grave, and the FBI (in many ways) reforming, couldn’t their names be used? DeLoach ends up a bit pathetic, still doing PR for his old agency, perhaps wanting to be associated in retrospect with a finer organization. Below, Robert Siegel of NPR and Beverly Gage, historian and Hoover expert from Yale University, discuss the film, and a few examples of the accuracy of it’s portrayal. To be clear, we choose and analyze mysteries with no conscious political bias whatever. Thus his kiss-and- tell exposés of his time at the Bureau could be labeled as sour grapes, or sensationalism, or both. They were cutting out, right and left, anything in those papers unflattering to Hoover, or the Bureau. Informants weren’t hard to come by if the FBI was willing to play hard-ball, for example homosexuals were pariahs at the time, and the Bureau would, not to put too fine a point on it, blackmail them. The agents carried guns and confiscated plenty of weapons and explosives. King disregards this and accepts the prize. Directed by Clint Eastwood. He would enjoy meeting Marilyn Monroe with a huge grin, but knew he had an extensive file on her activities. Hoover, by most signs, would have preferred to join his contemporaries going “over there” to fight the Germans. Attention to facts and detail, and good deductive reasoning will take you a long, long way in getting to the bottom of some things. But in politics many cans of worms are best left with the lid on, and this may be one. Clyde Anderson Tolson (May 22, 1900 – April 14, 1975) was the second-ranking official of the FBI from 1930 until 1972, from 1947 titled Associate Director, primarily responsible for personnel and discipline. Testing the Evidence, Considering the Logic: Jon Benet Ramsey. But behind closed doors, he held secrets that would have destroyed his image, his career and his life. These are the so-called secret files that J. Edgar Hoover kept on anyone with the power to do him favors, or do him ill, a huge swath of America’s power structure. And that, according to Mondale, is “dangerous” in a democracy. Copyright 2020. We do mystery, not politics. Hoover panics and claims that he wants to marry Dorothy Lamour. There’s also a scene in which Hoover is seen leaving a memoir behind. Tolson accuses Hoover of having exaggerated his involvement with key events of the Bureau. Edgar' Biopic", Criminal, Cyber, Response, and Services Branch, Criminal Justice Information Services Division, National Center for the Analysis of Violent Crime, Computer and Internet Protocol Address Verifier, Integrated Automated Fingerprint Identification System, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Commission on Marihuana and Drug Abuse, Presidential Recordings and Materials Preservation Act, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=J._Edgar&oldid=1000517089, Films about the Federal Bureau of Investigation, Cultural depictions of Dwight D. Eisenhower, Films with screenplays by Dustin Lance Black, Articles to be expanded from November 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 January 2021, at 12:24. He is best known as the protégé and long-time top deputy of FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover. He praised DiCaprio's performance: "There's something appealingly straightforward about the way he physicalizes Hoover's inner struggle, the body always slightly out of sync with the mind that vigilantly monitors every move.". Tolson suddenly kisses Hoover, who says that must never happen again; Tolson says that it won't, and tries to leave. When the Lindbergh kidnapping captures national attention, President Herbert Hoover asks the Bureau to investigate. It should never have taken over the language of investigation. Filmografia, nagrody, biografia, wiadomości, ciekawostki. Capitol Building. (In this century the FBI annual budget has swelled into the neighborhood of some $9 billion.). Hoover, p. 412 (trade paper edition). Does it give a balanced picture of his leadership of the FBI? Apparently, that was anyone who had influence in the U.S. or might one day, a long list. The occasional white man without prejudice existed in that time, but not the kind of guys attracted to Hoover and the Bureau, law degrees or not. More plausible are stories like that told by writer Millie McGhee in her 2000 book “Secrets Uncovered: J. Edgar Hoover — Passing for White?” McGhee, an African American, claims that, based on family stories and genealogical records, she and Hoover had a common ancestor, a great-grandfather, making him a distant cousin. (On the famed matter of inappropriate surveillance, files, and attempted intimidation of Dr. Martin Luther King, Cartha DeLoach concedes it happened–but it was all William Sullivan’s fault, completely his operation. He didn’t. And what are we to make of inside sources with such divergent axes to grind? Hoover apologizes and begs him to stay, but Tolson threatens to end their friendship if Hoover talks about another woman again. For issues in England, we lean neither Labor nor Conservative. President, if you don’t treat me right, I can hack your career and your legacy into little pieces.” No, of course not, he doesn’t have to be impertinent with a President that way. Sometimes, a “myth” earns the checkmark of “true” because it passes a simple test, the basic common sense and logic test. In analyzing mysteries centering around political figures, scandal, and corruption, we know we stray into delicate territory. For the mystery investigator, there’s the allegation of chicanery, and much worse, in covering it all up. William C. Sullivan, quoted above, once number three man of the whole shebang, was until his death (by hunting accident) a rambunctious source, a delicious smorgasbord of juicy and generally unflattering stories about The Director. And a tangled world, ever more subtle, is upon us. Although he persecuted gays in his time, was he gay himself? If you it a “conspiracy theory” in a nasty way, you only reveal you haven’t thought out words and their meaning very well. What’s often forgotten is the Senator’s basic beef, that the Bureau seemed to have a heck-of-a publicity budget, and an overly vigorous PR machine. So most of the movie, when we see these scenes around the breakfast table or these sort of intimate conversations in other places, that’s all kind of fictionalized based on what we do know, which is that there was this very deep partnership. She tells him she would rather her son be dead than a "daffodil". ‘It was a very covert operation,’ a senior agent who headed the raiding party has recalled, ‘damn covert. “He’s more powerful than the President,” Kefauver warned. )- But in practice his powers grew so formidable that almost all Presidents treated him with kid gloves, gingerly, with great respect. Hoover refuses, claiming that Nixon is going to destroy the bureau he has created. Those born after 1960 or so may find it hard to fully grasp….So we offer some highlights to help comprehend: In the following brief sections we’ll explore the context of Hoover’s years and surveillance empire, and a few examples. In the last scene, Gandy destroys stacks of files. Hoover's was not filed until 1938, when he was 43. , Roger Ebert awarded the film three-and-a-half stars (out of four) and wrote that the film is "fascinating" and "masterful". Sometimes he kept files for no other reason than spite: the author Raymond Chandler once rudely brushed off a Hoover invitation for a drink, and the file on Chandler later ran to hundreds of pages. Hoover’s attitudes on race reflected those in the old Washington, where he grew up, a largely segregated Southern city. “Favored politicians were warned who their opponents would be, what backing they had, and what skeletons might be hidden in their closets. Miss Gandy at desk II Contributor Names Horydczak, Theodor, approximately 1890-1971, photographer Created / Published ca. The huge Department of Justice FBI Building in Washington bears Hoover’s name, although almost everyone now classifies his time as Director as filled with excesses, if not downright abuses. Chandler’s fictional bad guy characters may have needed extensive surveillance. 2011. Eastwood’s film “J. Again, the question of Hoover’s cowardice or courage would seem to have little bearing on the real mysteries of his tenure. They often have no direct experience in making complex systems work, in seeing the big, multi-faceted picture. The film received mixed reviews from critics, although DiCaprio's performance was widely praised, and it grossed $84 million worldwide. We’ll leave that hint, and encourage you to dig in and explore. If you think the Sandy Hook shootings were orchestrated by Martin Scorsese directing a cast of hundreds to stage a fake media event, please don’t waste our time even writing in. Since Hoover’s death on May 2 of 1972, a steady drumbeat of full, well-researched books, not to mention a thousand articles and reports, have explored his amazing tenure at the FBI. Edgar Hoover’s Secret Files.” Why the topic, what’s on our minds? We don’t ask the political affiliations, if any, of our contributing writers and thinkers. His methods were at once ruthless and heroic, with the admiration of the world his most coveted prize. Hoover tries to blackmail Martin Luther King, Jr. into declining his Nobel Peace Prize, sending him a letter threatening to expose his extramarital affairs. And it doesn’t take a huge leap of the imagination to look at two men who really didn’t date women, who spent most of their lives together and imagine that they might have been in love with each other. Dr. deLa Plante reminds us of something basic: any event involving more than person in planning and execution, or coverup, is a conspiracy, by definition. But lots of his statements strained credulity–as he asserted again and again that the Bureau did things by the book. Two siblings had certificates. Carlos Castaneda: Mystic Icon to a Generation or a Con Man Extraordinaire? When the monitored bills begin showing up in New York City, the investigators find a filling station attendant who wrote down the license plate number of the man who gave him the bill. In 2011, Clint Eastwood directed the biopic “J. At the time of his abrupt death, the agency was thrown into turmoil. NEW YORK -- J. Edgar Hoover protected organized crime for years because top mobsters had evidence of his homosexual activities, including his dressing in … Good entertainment, but was it realistic, true to the historical record? If nothing else, it’s incredibly fascinating in the context of Mr. Rectitude, who expected incredibly conservative standards from his agents, who maintained files labeled “Sex Deviant” –speculations on the private behavior of consenting adults. ", Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Leading Role, Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Supporting Role, "Movie Projector: 'Immortals' poised to conquer box office", "Clint Eastwood to Direct J. Edgar Hoover Biopic", "Ed Westwick In, Charlize Theron Out Of Clint Eastwood's 'J. ", Peter Debruge of Variety gave the film a mixed review: "Any movie in which the longtime FBI honcho features as the central character must supply some insight into what made him tick, or suffer from the reality that the Bureau's exploits were far more interesting than the bureaucrat who ran it – a dilemma J. Edgar never rises above. Edgar Hoover Director of the FBI 1935 - 1972 Possibly one of the most powerful men in American history, J. Edgar Hoover began his career in the Justice Department in 1917 working in the War Emergency Department, which was charged with identifying and arresting disloyal foreigners during wartime. But don’t worry, there’s plenty of other folks who dropped out of Logic 101 on the first day, wearing a tin-foil hat just like yours. Name a bureau or department or regulatory agency or office, William Sullivan once said, and ‘and we had one or more informants in it, usually a lot more.’, Curt Gentry, J. Edgar. Hoover returns home from work, obviously weakened. This leads to the arrest, and eventual conviction, of Bruno Richard Hauptmann for the kidnapping and murder of the Lindbergh child. Cartha DeLoach, another top man and would-be Director, and finally retiree from the FBI wrote his own account of those years, to dispel all the false tales told by the William Sullivans out there. His successor, Harlan F. Stone, appoints Hoover as director of the Justice Department's new Bureau of Investigation. You guys can keep each other entertained on-line, forever. POV driving. If that's what's important, getting a bit of American history into a vivid big screen format, then this works pretty well. We’re non-partisan, we don’t have a “progressive” or “conservative” agenda, a Republican or a Democratic leaning in the United States context. Dr. Kevin deLa Plante, former chair of Philosophy and Religious Studies at Iowa State University, for years has served as a leading educator in the field of rational or logical thinking, often called “critical thinking.” (His excellent, abundant Podcasts are easy to locate.) Sullivan was finally fired for some real or imagined transgression or other, hardly unusual in Hoover-world. Written by Dustin Lance Black, the film focuses on the career of FBI director J. Edgar Hoover from the Palmer Raids onward. We quote here from Curt Gentry’s “J. Gentry’s book, taken page-for-page or as a whole, makes for a jaw-dropping read. A Gangster Dead of a Heart Attack…or Not? The Roaring '20s; Sharp-Dressed Man: J Edgar and Tolson obsess about other agents' fashion choices and are generally conservatively, but very well dressed themselves. Yet it’s almost unanimous: under Hoover the agency went far beyond it’s original charge, and far beyond the scope of proper law enforcement. Even if you haven’t done very much wrong in all those years you’re aware of how nasty some of it can be made to appear, exaggerated a bit, taken just a little out of context. They also opened a file on, and spied on, anyone the Director wanted them to. Moments later, Hoover tells Tolson that he needed Tolson more than he ever needed anyone else. We could quote Gentry all day and night with one interesting paragraph after another, but perhaps another couple of quotes will do. But the rest of us can have an intelligent dialogue, without the use of that phrase. The film at least hints at answers. A guy robbing a bank all by his lonesome, no, but one guy and his getaway driver, that’s a conspiracy. To fall out of favor with “the Director” was to be exiled to law enforcement Siberia. On top of that, Leonardo DiCaprio is excellent, very professional. She refuses him, but agrees to become his personal secretary. SIEGEL: Well, first, professionally, we heard him being the disciplinarian and the stickler at the bureau. There were five of us, and we were all sworn to absolute secrecy….we’d go in (an out-of-the-way room at the National Archives) at different times so no one would know five agents were in that room. In the end, according to the prominent politician Walt Mondale of Minnesota, Hoover evolved from a lawman to more of a “political enforcer.” He didn’t just pursue criminality, he pursued and persecuted “ideas,” the ones he didn’t agree with. Hoover deemed the most sensitive files as “personal and confidential” and kept them in his office, where his secretary, Helen Gandy, could watch them. That’s a tart assessment of some folks out there, but necessary. Especially the later Chief Executives, from JFK, through Johnson to Nixon, saw the need to end his long run at the FBI, but couldn’t quite dare pull the trigger to fire him. All serious biographers of Hoover recognize the existence of the files, a sort of “second set of books” at the top of American law enforcement. Hoover’s long time second-in-command and alleged lover, Clyde Tolsen, wandered around looking like a concentration camp survivor. Hoover employs several novel techniques, including the monitoring of registration numbers on ransom bills and expert analysis of the kidnapper's handwriting. Does this movie present a J. Edgar Hoover whom you understand as J. Edgar Hoover? J. Edgar Hoover is a fascinating topic for a book, and Gentry has done an amazing job researching his subject. The last thing we are is a bunch of “conspiracy theorists,” whatever that tired phrase means. He’s the man who wrote “Milk,” and he treats the Hoover-Tolson relationship as unquestionably romantic and physical, at least so far as kissing and embracing go. They did more than keep track of Communists and subversives. , On review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes reports an approval rating of 43% based on 243 reviews, with an average rating of 5.72/10. The film focuses on those closest to J. Edgar: his autocratic mother, Annie Hoover (a splendid Judi Dench); his protective secretary, Helen Gandy (a … He meets Helen Gandy, a new secretary at the Justice Department, and takes her to the Library of Congress to show her the card catalog system he devised. The last of his G-Men remember a different man than portrayed in Eastwood’s new movie. 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